Unit 3 People’s Background – Bài tập Tiếng Anh 10

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A.READING

Part 1. Read the passage about Albert Einstein and choose the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

Albert Einstein was born on March 14th, 1879 in Ulm, Germany. His interest in science began when he was only five years old. But in school, he was not a very good student. Albert dropped out of school at fifteen because he hated strict discipline and rote- learning.

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When his family moved to Milan, Italy, Albert decided to study Physics at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, Switzerland. He failed the Institute’s entrance exam, but after a year’s study at a school near Zurich, he passed and entered in 1896. He graduated in 1900. Then he became a private physics and mathematics tutor for two years.

In 1902, Einstein took a job in the Swiss Patent Office in Bern. The work was not very demanding, so he had plenty of time to develop his theories that would later change science forever. In 1909, Einstein finally left his job at the Patent Office and began his lifelong career in the academic world. His genius had begun to be recognized, and by 1914 he was at the top of his profession as a member of the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin. In 1921, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics.

In 1933, when Hitler came into power, Einstein moved to the U.S.A. He became a professor at the Institute for Advanced Study and remained there until his death on April 18th, 1955.

Albert Einstein is remembered as the greatest scientist in the world.

1.How did Albert Einstein work at school?

A.He learned science very well.

B.He didn’t work very well.

C.He was interested in science.

D.He left school at 15. 

2.When did he decide to study Physics in Switzerland?

A.When he failed the institute’s entrance exam.

B.After a year’s study at a school near Zurich.

C.When he moved to Milan, Italy with his family.

D.In 1896.

3.What did he do right after finishing university?

A.He worked as a private physics and mathematics tutor.

B.He took a job in the Swiss Patent Office.

C.He was a member of the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences,

D.He became a professor at the Institute for Advanced Study.

4.Why did he have a lot of time to develop his theories while working in the Swiss Patent Office?

A.Because he wanted his theories to change science forever.

B.Because the work was not demanding.

C.Because he didn’t have much work to do.

D.Because he didn’t like to work there.

5.When and where did he die?

A.He died on April 18th, 1955 at the Institute for Advanced Study.

B.He died on April 18th, 1955 in Berlin.

C.He died on April 18th, 1955 in Milan.

D.He died on April 18th, 1955 in the U.S.A.

Part 2. Read the passage and choose the best option (A, B, C or D) to complete each of the following sentences.

James Dean had starred in only three films when he died, at the age of 24, in 1955: East of Eden, Rebel Without a Cause, and Giant. These three films, and his early death, made James Dean into a hero for many hundreds of thousands of young people in the 1950s. Even now, he is still a star.

James Dean’s mother died when he was nine years old, and his father sent him to live with his uncle and aunt on their farm in the small town of Fairmount, Indiana.

Dean started a theatre course, but soon dropped out and set off for New York in search of work as an actor. For some time he got only small parts in films and television plays (once he co-starred with Ronald Reagan). Soon he began to receive large numbers of letters from fans – mainly young people – and eventually he was noticed by the big film companies.

When he died, cinema audiences had seen only his first film, East of Eden. They liked him because he seemed to be himself on the screen, and because he had the image of a playboy: he looked moody, wore a T-shirt and jeans, and always had a cigarette at the corner of his mouth. And, of course, he was good-looking in a wild kind of way – something like Elvis Presley. In his own life he seemed ra’her pessimistic; he often said that he was going to die young. On September 30th 1955, on 1 ‘ighway 466 in California, he was on his way to a big race in his new Porsche when he met his death in an accident.

1.James Dean acted in__________ .

A.only three films

B.more than three films

C.only television plays

D.many plays and films

2.He was sent to live with his aunt and uncle___________ .

A.when his mother died

B.before his mother’s death

C.because his father was busy

D.when he was nine years old

3.James Dean was liked by many hundreds of thousands of young people because_______ ,

A.he co-starred with Ronald Reagan

B.they had seen the three films

C.on the screen, he seemed to be himself, good-looking in a wild kind of way and had the image of a moody playboy

D.he always wore a T-shirt and jeans and had a cigarette at the comer of his mouth

4.James Dean started to work as an actor___________ .

A.after finishing a theatre course

B.after leaving Indiana for New York

C.a short time before his death

D.when he was noticed by the big film companies

5.James Dean died in an accident___________ .

A.when he was on his way to a big race

B.while he was racing in his new Porsche

C.while he was starring in a film

D.when he was on his way home

B.LANGUAGE FOCUS

Exercise 1. Read aloud the dialogue, paying attention to the sounds /e/and /<*/.

Ben: Hello, Alice.
Alice: Hello, Ben. Have a cigarette.
Ben: Thanks, Alice. How did you spend your holiday?
Alice: I went to Africa with Jack.
Ben: Was it expensive?
Alice: Yes, very.
Ben: Have you any money left?
Alice: Yes, exactly ten pence!

 

Exercise 2. Choose the correct form of the verbs in brackets and write the complete passage on the blank lines.

It (1. was / had been) a beautiful morning. It (2. rained / had rained) in the night and so the ground (3. was / had been) fresh and clean and it (4. smelt / had smelt) wonderful. None of the Taylor family (5. were / had been) awake though. They (6. went / had gone) to bed very late the night before. Their Australian cousin (7. arrived / had arrived) unexpectedly that evening and they (8. sat up / had sat up) talking most of the night. Although it (9. was / had been) now 8 o’clock in the morning, they (10. were / had been) in bed for about two hours only.)

Exercise 3. Choose the best answer in brackets.

We tried to phone Henry this afternoon, but there (were / had been / was / would be) no answer. He (went / has gone / was going / had gone) out.

They arrived at work in the morning and found that somebody (had broken / broke / was breaking / were breaking) into the office during the night. So they (had called / called / would call / were calling) the police.

I was driving home when I (see / was seeing / saw / had seen) a car which (broke / was breaking / had broken / would break) down, so I (stop / would stop / had stopped / stopped) to see if I could help.

Yesterday Bob was very surprised when he (had had / had / would have / was having) a phone call from Ann. He (had written / wrote / has written / was writing) to her many times, but she (never replied / has not replied / had never replied / never had replied) to his letters.

Lisa (had met / was meeting / would meet / met) Brian a few weeks ago. He (just had come / had come just / had just come / just came) back from holiday. He (looked / looks / is looking / had looked) very well.

Đáp án 

A.READING

Part 1

1.B     2.C    3.A    4.B      5.D

Part 2 

1.A    2.D   3.C   4.B     5.A

B.LANGGUAGE FOCUS

Exercise 2.

1.was 

2.had rained

3.was

4.smelt

5.were

6.had gone

7.had arrived

8.had sat up

9.was 

10.had been

Exercies 3.

1.was; had gone

2.had broken; called

3.saw; had broken ; stopped

4.had; had written ; had never replied

5.met; had just come; looked

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