Clauses of causes and effects – Mệnh đề chỉ kết quả – P1 – Bộ chuyên đề ôn HSG, TN THPT QG cao cấp

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CHUYÊN ĐỀ IV. PHRASES VS. CLAUSES

CHUYÊN ĐỀ VỀ CỤM TỪ VÀ MỆNH ĐỀ

BÀI 7. CLAUSES OF CAUSES AND EFFECTS

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MỆNH ĐỀ CHỈ KẾT QUẢ

  • Cause and effect with “too”/ “enough”:
  • too: Thường với “too” ta có cấu trúc câu sau:

 

 

S – be (look/ seem/ get/ become/…) – too adj (for O) – to V

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S – V – too adv (for O) – to V

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e.g.

He is too short to play football.

 

The car was too expensive for him to buy.

 

He drove too fast to stop immediately.

 

He ran too slowly to become the winner of the race.

b. enough: ta có cấu trúc câu sau:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S – be – adj enough (for O) – to V

 

 

 

 

hay S – V – adv enough (for O) – to V

 

 

 

 

 

e.g.

She isn’t old enough to drive a car.

 

The exercises were not easy enough for us to do them without difficulty.

He spoke English well enough to be an interpreter.

He drove slowly enough to avoid crashing.

Lưu ý: “TOO” mang hàm ý phủ định “quá…không thể’ nhưng “ENOUGH” lại có nghĩa “đủ…để”

  • Cause and effect with “so adj/ adv that”:

 

 

 

 

 

 

S – V – so – adj/ adv – that S – V

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e.g.

The soprano sang so well that she received a standing ovation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Terry ran so fast that he broke the previous speed record.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Judy worked so diligently that she received an increase in salary.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The soup tastes so good that everyone will ask for more.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The little boy looks so unhappy that we all feel sorry for him.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The students had behaved so badly that he was dismissed from the class.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cause and effect with “so few/ many – Ns that”:

 

 

 

 

 

S – verb – so – few/ many – Ns – that – S – V

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e.g.

The Smiths had so many children that they formed their own baseball team.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I had so few job offers that it wasn’t difficult to select one.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have so many guests that we have to borrow chairs from our neighbors.

 

He had received so few agreements that he couldn’t be appointed.

                                   

Cause and effect with “so much/ little – uncountable N – that”:

S – verb – so – much/ little – uncountable N – that – S – V

e.g.       He has invested so much money in the project that he cannot abandon it now.

The grass received so little water that it turned brown in the heat.

Cause and effect with “such – a(n) – adj – N – that”:

S – verb – such a(n) – adjective – N – that S – V e.g. It was such a hot day that we decided to stay indoors.

It was such an interesting book that he couldn’t put it down.

Cause and effect with “so – adj – a(n) –N – that”:

S – V – so – adjective – a(n) – N – that S V

e.g.      It was so hot a day that we decided to stay indoors.

It was so interesting a book that he couldn’t put it down.

Cause and effect with “such –adj – Ns/ uncountable N – that”:

 

 

S – verb – such adjective – Ns/ uncountable N – that S – V

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e.g.

She has such exceptional abilities that everyone is jealous of her.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

They are such beautiful pictures that everybody will want one.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Perry has had such bad luck that he’s decided not to gamble.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This is such difficult homework that I will never finish it.

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Clauses of causes and effects – Mệnh đề chỉ kết quả – P2

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