Cách dùng cấu trúc đi với to V trong Tiếng Anh giao tiếp thông dụng

Cách dùng cấu trúc đi với to V trong Tiếng Anh 

Cách dùng cấu trúc đi với to V

1. Cấu trúc: V + to V

Những động từ sau được theo sau trực tiếp bởi to-infinitive

Agree: đồng ý

Consent: ưng thuận

Hope: hi vọng

Promiss: hứa

Aim: nhằm

Decide: quyết định

Learn: học

Prove: chứng tỏ

Appear: có vẻ

Demand: yêu cầu

Long: mong mỏi

Refuse: từ chối

Arrange: sắp xếp

Determine: định đoạt

Manage: xoay xở

Remember: nhớ

Ask: yêu cầu

Be determine: cương quyết

Neglect: lơ đãng

Resole: nhất quyết

Attempt: cố gắng

Endavour: nỗ lực

Offer: đề nghị

Seem: dường như

Bother: phiền

Fail: thất bại

Plan: có kế hoạch

Swear: thề

Care: để ý

Forget: quên

Prepare: sửa soạn

Tend: có chiều hướng

Choose: chọn lựa

Guarantee: bảo đảm

Be prepared: đã sẵn sàng

Threaten: dọa

Claim: công bố

Happen: xảy ra

Pretend: giả vờ

Trouble: gây phiền

Condescend: hạ cố

Hesitate: do dự

Preceed: tiếp nối

Try = attempt: phủ định

Volunteer: tự nguyện

     

 2. Cấu trúc: Verb + how/ what/ when/ where/ which/ why + to V

Các động từ hay dùng nhất là: ask, decide, discover, find out, forget, know, learn, remember, see (hiểu), show, think, understand, want to know, wonder…

– He discovered how to open the safe.

– I found out where to buy fruit cheaply.

– She couldn’t think what to say.

– I showed her which button to press.

 3. Cấu trúc: V + O + to V

Những động từ theo công thức này là:

Advise: khuyên

Force: cưỡng ép

Order: ra lệnh

Tempt: xúi giục

Allow: cho phép

Hear: nghe

Permit: cho phép

Train: huấn luyện

Command: ra lệnh

Induce: xúi giục

Persuade: thuyết phục

Urge: thúc giục

Compel: làm cho có thể

Instruct: chỉ thị

Request: yêu cầu

Warn: báo trước

Encourage: khuyến khích

Invite: mời

Remind: nhắc lại

Watch: xem

Entitle: cho phép

Let: để cho

Teach/ teach how: dạy cách

See: thấy

Feel: cảm thấy

Make: bắt phải

Tell/ tell how: nói cho biết cách

Implore: cầu khẩn

Forbid: ngăn cấm

Oblige: buộc phải

   

 

– These glasses will enable you to see in the dark.

– She encouraged me to try again.

– They forbade her to leave the house.

– They persuaded us to go with them.

 

Luyện tập

1. Put the verb into the correct form:

  1. I don’t fancy ______________ (go) out tonight.
  2. She avoided ______________ (tell) him about her plans.
  3. I would like ______________ (come) to the party with you.
  4. He enjoys ______________ (have) a bath in the evening.
  5. She kept ______________ (talk) during the film.
  6. I am learning ______________ (speak) English.
  7. Do you mind ______________ (give) me a hand?
  8. She helped me ______________ (carry) my suitcases.
  9. I’ve finished ______________ (cook). Come and eat!
  10. He decided ______________ (study) Biology.
  11. I dislike ______________ (wait).
  12. He asked ______________ (come) with us.
  13. I promise ______________ (help) you tomorrow.
  14. We discussed ______________ (go) to the cinema, but in the end we stayed at home.
  15. She agreed ______________ (bring) the pudding.
  16. I don’t recommend ______________ (take) the bus, it takes forever!
  17. We hope ______________ (visit) Amsterdam next month.
  18. She suggested ______________ (go) to the museum.
  19. They plan ______________ (start) college in the autumn.
  20. I don’t want ______________ (leave) yet.

2. Put the verb into the gerund or the infinitive with ‘to’:

  1. She delayed ______________ (get) out of bed.
  2. He demanded ______________ (speak) to the manager.
  3. I offered ______________ (help).
  4. I miss ______________ (go) to the beach.
  5. We postponed ______________ (do) our homework.
  6. I’d hate ______________ (arrive) too late.
  7. She admitted ______________ (steal) the money.
  8. I chose ______________ (work) here.
  9. She waited ______________ (buy) a drink.
  10. I really appreciate ______________ (be) on holiday.
  11. I couldn’t help ______________ (laugh).
  12. It seems ______________ (be) raining.
  13. I considered ______________ (move) to Spain.
  14. They practised ______________ (speak).
  15. Finally I managed ______________ (finish) the work.
  16. I really can’t stand ______________ (wait) for the bus.
  17. Unfortunately, we can’t afford ______________ (buy) a new car this year.
  18. She risked ______________ (be) late.
  19. I’d love ______________ (come) with you.
  20. I prepared ______________ (go) on holiday.

3. Put the verb into the gerund or the infinitive with ‘to’:

  1. It appears _________________ (be) raining.
  2. We intend _________________ (go) to the countryside this weekend.
  3. I pretended _________________ (be) sick so I didn’t have to go to work.
  4. Can you imagine_________________ (live) without TV?
  5. They tolerate_________________ (smoke) but they prefer people not to.
  6. I anticipate _________________ (arrive) on Tuesday.
  7. A wedding involves _________________ (negotiate) with everyone in the family.
  8. He denies _________________ (steal) the money.
  9. He claims _________________ (be) a millionaire but I don’t believe him.
  10. I expect _________________ (be) there about seven.
  11. Julia reported _________________ (see) the boys to the police.
  12. It tends _________________ (rain) a lot in Scotland.
  13. Do you recall _________________ (meet) her at the party last week?
  14. She mentioned _________________ (go) to the cinema, but I don’t know what she decided to do in the end.
  15. The teenager refused _________________ (go) on holiday with his parents.
  16. I understand _________________ (be) late once or twice, but every day is too much!
  17. I would prefer you _________________ (come) early if you can.
  18. That criminal deserves _________________ (get) a long sentence.
  19. She completed _________________ (paint) her flat.
  20. We arranged _________________ (meet) at four but at four thirty she still hadn’t arrived.

Đáp án

Bài 1

1. going      

2. telling     

3. to  come

4. having    

5. talking   

6. to  speak

7. giving     

8. to  carry

9. cooking  

10. to study

11. waiting 

12. to come

13. to help  

14. going    

15. to bring

16. taking  

17. to visit  

18. going    

19. to start 

20. to leave 

 

Bài 2:

1. getting    

2. to  speak

3. to  help  

4. going      

5. doing     

6. to  arrive

7. stealing  

8. to  work

9. to  buy   

10. being    

11. laughing        

12. to be     

13. moving

14. speaking

15. to finish

16. waiting 

17. to buy   

18. being    

19. to come

20. to go     

 

Bài 3

1. tobe       

2. togo       

3. tobe       

4. living     

5. smoking 

6. arriving  

7. negotiating

8. stealing  

9. tobe       

10. to be     

11. seeing   

12. to rain  

13. meeting

14. going    

15. to go     

16. being    

17. to come

18. to get    

19. painting         

20. to meet 

 

Cách dùng cấu trúc đi với to V trong Tiếng Anh giao tiếp thông dụng

 

– Xem thêm :

+ Cách sử dụng cấu trúc đi với V-ing trong Tiếng Anh giáo tiếp thông dụng

+ Cách dùng câu gián tiếp trong Tiếng Anh

Related Posts

Bình luận