Các động từ bất quy tắc trong Tiếng anh

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Các động từ bất quy tắc trong Tiếng anh

Một số động từ được gọi là bất qui tắc (irregular) bởi vì chúng không thành lập thì theo một cách thức bình thường.

PRINCIPAL PARTS OF VERBS (Các dạng của động từ chính)

PRESENT

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am

arise

awake

beat

begin

bend

bid (to offer)

bind

bite

blow

break

bring

burst

buy

catch

choose

climb*

cling

come

deal

dive

do

drag*

draw

dream

drink

drive

drown*

eat

fall

fight

fit

flee

fling

fly

forget

freeze

get

give

go

grow

hang

hang (to put to death)

hear

hide

hold

keep

know

lay

leave

lend

lie

lose

meet

pay

read

ride

ring

rise

run

say

see

set

shake

shinet

show

shrink

sing

sink

sit

speak

spring

stand

steal

strike

swear

swim

swing

take

teach

tear

tell

think

throw

wake

wear

wring

write

PAST

was

arose

awoke, awaked

beat

began

bent

bid

bound

bit

blew

broke

brought

burst

bought

caught

chose

climbed

clung

came

dealt

dived, dove

did

dragged

drew

dreamed, dreamt

drank

drove

drowned

ate

fell

fought

fitted, fit

fled

flung

flew

forgot

froze

got

gave

went

grew

hung

hanged

heard

his

held

kept

knew

laid

left

lent

lay

lost

met

paid

read

rode

rang

rose

ran

said

saw

set

shook

shone

showed

shrank

sang

sank, sunk

sat

spoke

sprang

stood

stole

struck

swore

swam

swung

took

taught

tore

told

thought

threw

waked, woke

wore

wrung

wrote

PAST PARTICIPLE

been

arisen

awaked, awoken

beat, beaten

begun

bent

bid

bound

bitten

blown

b ro ken

brought

burst

bought

caught

chosen

climbed

clung

come

dealt

dived

done

dragged

drawn

dreamed, dreamt

drunk

driven

drowned

eaten

fallen

fought

fitted, fit

fled

flung

flown

forgotten

frozen

gotten

given

gone

grown

hung

hanged

heard

hidden

held

kept

known

laid

left

lent

lain

lost

met

paid

read

ridden

rung

risen

run

said

seen

set

shaken

shone

showed, shown

shrunk

sung

sunk

sat

spoken

sprung

stood

stolen

struck

sworn

swum

swung

taken

taught

torn

told

thought

thrown

waked, woken, woke

worn

wrung

written

 

TEST 1. Có cách nào bạn biết rõ các động từ bất qui tắc hay không? Ở khoảng trống bên phải, hãy viết thì past tense của mỗi một động từ được cho trong dấu ngoặc đơn. Kiểm tra phần lời giải để chắc chắn rằng bạn đúng.

1/ We (begin) the meeting nearly two hours late. 

2/ The doorknob (break) when I touched it.

3/ The wildflowers (blow) in the breeze.                        

4/ They (hide) the Easter eggs in the bushes.

5/ The witness (think) about his testimony before

he answered the answered the judge’s question.

6/ Are you sure yon (meet) them before today?                          

1. began

2/ ________

3/ ________

4/ ________

 

5/ ________

6/ ________

TEST 2. Bây giờ hãy viết dạng past participle của mỗi một động từ được cho trong dấu ngoặc đơn. Lưu ý rằng có một trợ động từ trước mỗi một past participle.

1/ We had (write) several times before we received an answer to our letter.

2/ I had (teach) high school English for several years.

3/ He had (pay) tor his purchases with cash.

4/ Arlene had (say)earlier that she wanted to go to the fair.

5/ The car had (run) out of gas before we reached the Service station.

6/ he little boys had (sit) patiently waiting for their mother.

1/ began

2/ ________

3/ ________

4/ ________

5/ ________

6/ ________

TEST 3. Hãy gạch dưới bất cứ động từ nào được dùng sai trong những câu sau đây. Sau đó hãy viết lại các phần đúng ở khoảng trống bên phải.

1/ The children sing in the church choir yesterday.  

2/ Mark ride his bike to the ballpark.

3/ To everyone’s surprise, that small child swim the entire length of the pool. 

4/ Fortunately, no exchange take place in the market.        

5/ Jeffrey ring the doorbell at his aunt’s 

6/ Jayne choose a biography for her report.   

1/ sang or had sung

2/ _______________

3/ _______________

4/ _______________

5/ _______________

6/ _______________

 

 

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